Justin Smeja still maintains he cut a piece off of the flesh he had recovered from the shooting site and sent it to the Ketchum DNA study. They also maintain that this was the same flesh that was later tested at Trent University with the results being "bear" with human contamination according to DNA testing done by Trent University.
This is where the "rubber hits the road". The Smeja sample (aka Sample 26) sent to the Ketchum DNA Study was determined NOT to be human or KNOWN animal (Bear) by Douglas G. Toler, MD, F.C.A.P. of Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Huguley Pathology Consultants, P.A. (Supplemental Data 1).
Below is a excerpt from the Ketchum DNA Study concerning Smeja Sample (Sample 26).
A small sample of skin with underlying structures from Sample 26 was submitted to the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory at Texas A&M University for the purpose of evaluating the sample for degradation and structure. Subsequently, the slides generated from this examination were submitted to Huguley Pathology Consultants for further evaluation. A detailed report of the histopathologic findings was generated from the second examination. The report confirmed the Texas A&M findings and revealed that there was little degradation observed and that the structures in the sample were visible and could be reviewed. There was no pathology present in sample 26, however the histology was deemed inconsistent with human skin. Examination revealed lesser numbers of eccrine glands and even sebaceous gland/pilosebaceous gland units than normally seen in human skin. Abnormalities such as abortive hair shafts and various alopecias were detected and hair follicle addition or extra follicles, clustered and deeper in the dermal region were noted. The clustering of follicles at a deeper level in the dermis than where most skin appendages usually occur was unusual and not generally associated with hair follicle loss as is seen with alopecia. (Figure 8, Supplementary Data 1)
Importantly, histological examination of the skin and tissue sample 26 confirmed that the cells were intact with few bacteria. The absence of contamination or degradation indicates that DNA extracted from this tissue was more than adequate for subsequent DNA sequencing.
After this determination the sample was sent to the University of Texas where a COMPLETE genome was sequenced from Sample 26. As I documented in a previous post the Q30 score of 88.6 (any score over 80 is considered pure and uncontaminated) proved the sample was not contaminated and from one individual. This complete genome was then ran against the GenBank Database. A BLAST search takes the genome and compares it to the 300,000 known species stored in GenBank to find a match. There was NO MATCH for the Justin Smeja (Sample 26) sample.
Justin Smeja claims Dr. Ketchum told him she could manipulate a sample "show anything I want". Then later in the same interview he claims she was going to tell him how to change the samples DNA composition! According to Smeja here is Dr. Ketchum's formula for changing the structure of the DNA in a sample and making it "be something different than what it is". Here is the formula per Justin Smeja - "mixture of Clorox bleach, formaldehyde or something, some water, acidiat (sic)". So according to Justin Smeja Dr. Ketchum told him that by using this concoction she could change the structure of the DNA and fool both scientific colleagues and institutions including, UCLA, Texas A&M, and the University of Texas? HOG WASH!!! I think Dr. Toler would have noticed the sample had been manipulated and that the HiSeq 2000 next generation sequencer would have returned a result that was invalid and contaminated.
Again, Justin Smeja's Sample 26 yielded a complete pure genome that had no match in the GenBank database that contains 300,000 known species that exist on this earth. If Dr. Ketchum could manipulate the DNA structure of an ENTIRE GENOME (3 billion base pairs) to fool the University of Texas and the equipment used, not on 1 but 3 samples, then the criminal justice system is a farce, DNA testing is useless and we need to let anyone out of jail that has ever been convicted using DNA evidence.
I think it more likely for what ever reason Justin Smeja gave Dr. Ketchum a different sample than was tested by Trent University Lab or since Trent University only swabbed the external surface of the "flesh" their testing was not accurate and contaminated.
Either way the Q30 results are the key. I think I will rely on the results from trusted academic institutions, scientist, and the scientific processes that can not be manipulated. I will disregard the nefarious story of Justin Smeja.